Attached Files
568 days ago
NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES



Permanent address of the file on Libmonster server:

Permanent document address (direct link to the file):

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12559/3868

Upload date:

29.12.2022

Back link to this page for scientific work (for citations):

NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES // Kiev: Library of Ukraine (ELIBRARY.COM.UA). Updated: 29.12.2022 . URL: https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12559/3868 (date of access: 19.07.2024 )

No viruses! Tested by Libmonster.
© https://elibrary.com.ua
568 days ago
NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES



Permanent address of the file on Libmonster server:

Permanent document address (direct link to the file):

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12559/3869

Upload date:

29.12.2022

Back link to this page for scientific work (for citations):

NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES // Kiev: Library of Ukraine (ELIBRARY.COM.UA). Updated: 29.12.2022 . URL: https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12559/3869 (date of access: 19.07.2024 )

No viruses! Tested by Libmonster.
© https://elibrary.com.ua
Libmonster ID: UA-12559

NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES

Only conditional identity of inertial mass of moving matter to its gravitational mass only by gravity-quantum clock, which is located in the point, from which the matter started its inertial motion, and due to the usage of corrected value of gravitational constant in its pseudo-centric intrinsic frame of reference of spatial coordinates and time (FR), is justified. This is related to the equivalence of inertial mass of matter to the Hamiltonian of its inert free energy, while the gravitational mass of matter is equivalent to the Lagrangian of its internal energy.

In classical mechanics and in SR the inert free energy of rest , which tends to the minimum and transforms into kinetic energy in the process of the fall of body in gravitational field, is the equivalent of Helmholtz and Gibbs free energies, which tend to the minimum in thermodynamic processes. The conservation of Hamiltonian of the inert free energy of rest of matter  () is guaranteed due to the decreasing of inertial mass of rest  of matter in the process of its free fall. The Hamiltonian momentum , which is proportional to gravitational mass , is derived from Lagrangian  of namely inert free energy of matter. The magnitude of matter momentum, according to Noether’s theorem [1] and Heisenberg uncertainty principle, is invariant (in relation to the transformation of time) characteristic of moving matter and, consequently, is invariant for all observers despite the different rates of time of their gravity-quantum clocks.

Coordinate pseudo-vacuum velocity of light  vcj(r)=cbj1/2 is determined for certain point j in unified (for all gravithermodynamically bonded matter of the Earth) coordinate astronomical time tE. It is identical to the critical velocity of baryonic matter in the relativistic gravithermodynamics (RGTD) [2, 3] and its value depends on Schwarzschild radial coordinate r of that point. It decreases while approaching the pseudo-horizon or the gravity center. Gravity-quantum value of coordinate velocity of light:   is also dependent on coordinate velocity of light vci in the point i of disposition of real or prospective observer. Here  and  are the values of coordinate velocity of light in intrinsic centric frames of references icFR0of spatial coordinates and time of prospective observer. Metric eigenvalue of velocity of light is the spatio-temporal invariant (gauge-invariant and Lorentz-invariant constant) by intrinsic clock. This eigenvalue (proper value in Special Relativity) is equal to the constant of velocity of light in any point of space:

Obviously, the momentum  of matter does not depend on the rate of gravity-quantum time, which is not equal in the points with different gravitational potential. Therefore, the values in FR of inertial and gravitational mass will be expressed via proper rest mass (eigenvalue of mass)  in the following way  and . And their gravity-quantum values will be as follows: , . Obviously, proper rest mass  can be equal for homogeneous matter in gravitational field only in case of presence of its thermodynamic quasi-equilibrium.

As it was shown by Tolman [4] and as it follows from the Schwarzschild internal solution for incompressible ideal liquid [5], the gravitational forces in it are proportional to ordinary enthalpy , (where: ), which is not decreasing in contrast to inert free energy Е, but, quite the contrary, is increasing while approaching the gravitational attraction center. And since for quasi-equilibrium cooling down matter , then the ordinary internal energy of rest  () of matter is also inversely proportional to coordinate velocity of light. Here p is the pressure, V is the molar volume, and  is the additive compensation of multiplicative decreasing (with time) of multiplicative component  of internal rest energy  of matter.

And, consequently, it is quite obvious that inertial mass of moving matter is conventionally equivalent to its gravitational mass only by the intrinsic clock of the point, from which matter started its inertial motion, in case of the correction of the value of gravitational constant, which guarantees the conventional absence of bound energy of matter in centric or pseudo-centric intrinsic FR of matter. And this is related with the equivalence of inertial mass of matter to the Hamiltonian of its inert free energy, while the gravitational mass of matter is equivalent to the Lagrangian of its ordinary internal energy. And the ratio of these masses is invariant due to the conservation in time of Hamiltonians of inert free energy H and of Lagrangians of ordinary internal energy L of inertially moving gravity-quantum clock of observed matter and of observer:

,

where:  is the value of limit velocity of matter motion in the points of its hypothetic rest relatively to hypothetic observer of the motion.

Of course, it could be assumed that such concept as Hamiltonian is excessive for GR and especially for RGTD. The conservation of Lagrangian of ordinary internal energy and the tendency to zero of the Lagrangian of inert free energy of matter take place in GR and RGTD. However, the usage of only Lagrangian does not allow to reflecting the reality using the local pseudo-Euclidean space-time. Moreover the decreasing ( times) of required average density of mass of astronomical objects in the galaxy will not be guaranteed. That is why we have to rely on namely this hypothesis.

Possibly we should also consider the mass only as the measure of quantity of matter, and we should characterize inertial and gravitational properties of matter by Hamiltonian of inert free energy and Lagrangian of ordinary internal energy of matter correspondingly.

Conclusion

It is quite obvious that inertial mass of moving matter is conventionally equivalent to its gravitational mass only by the intrinsic clock of the point, from which matter started its inertial motion, in case of the correction of the value of gravitational constant, which guarantees the conventional absence of bound energy of matter in centric or pseudo-centric intrinsic FR of matter.

Reference

 1. Noether, Emmy: 1918, Invariante Variationsprobleme. Math-phys. Klasse – Göttingen: Nachr. D. König. Gesellsch. D. Wiss., 235-257.

2. Danylchenko, Pavlo: 2009, Foundations of Relativistic Gravithermodynamics. Proceedings of all Ukrainian seminar from theoretical and mathematical physics TMP'2009. Feb. 27 – Mar. 1, Lutsk: Volyn'University Press "Vezha", 75-79.

3. Danylchenko, Pavlo: 2021, Foundations of Relativistic Gravithermodynamics. 3rd online edition. https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11793/3773.

4. Tolman, R.: 1969, Relativity thermodynamics and cosmology. Oxford: At the Clarendon press.

5. Möller, Christian: 1972, The Theory of Relativity, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

 


© elibrary.com.ua

Permanent link to this publication:

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/view/NON-IDENTITY-OF-INERTIAL-AND-GRAVITATIONAL-MASSES

Similar publications: LUkraine LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Павло ДаныльченкоContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: https://elibrary.com.ua/pavlovin

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

Danylchenko, Pavlo , NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES // Kiev: Library of Ukraine (ELIBRARY.COM.UA). Updated: 29.12.2022. URL: https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/view/NON-IDENTITY-OF-INERTIAL-AND-GRAVITATIONAL-MASSES (date of access: 19.07.2024).

Found source (search robot):


Publication author(s) - Danylchenko, Pavlo :

Danylchenko, Pavlo → other publications, search: Libmonster UkraineLibmonster WorldGoogleYandex

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Rating
0 votes
Related Articles
The majority of theoretical misconceptions and the most significant misunderstandings in modern astronomy, cosmology and physics are caused by a purely mathematical approach and ignoring philosophical comprehension of physical reality and, as a result, by not deep enough understanding of the essence of certain physical phenomena and objects.
42 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
The cardinal difference between relativistic gravithermodynamics (RGTD) and general relativity (GR) is that in RGTD the extranuclear thermodynamic characteristics of matter are used in the tensor of energy-momentum to describe only its quasi-equilibrium motion.
42 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
Thermodynamical interpretation of General Relativity, consideration of the Universe as a single spiral-wave formation, and consideration of the so-called elementary particles and quarks as finite local flows of these spiral waves actually allowed the creation of a "theory of everything".
47 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
The majority of theoretical misconceptions and the most significant misunderstandings in modern astronomy, cosmology and physics are caused by a purely mathematical approach and ignoring philosophical comprehension of physical reality and, as a result, by not deep enough understanding of the essence of certain physical phenomena and objects.
76 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
The cardinal difference between relativistic gravithermodynamics (RGTD) and general relativity (GR) is that in RGTD the extranuclear thermodynamic characteristics of matter are used in the tensor of energy-momentum to describe only its quasi-equilibrium motion.
76 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
ISRAEL AND THE ARAB REVOLUTIONS
343 days ago · From Petro Semidolya
The equations that combine the instantaneous values of main thermodynamic parameters and potentials (that are characteristic to Gibbs thermodynamic microstates) of the simplest gases and liquids were found.
568 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
The quantum equation of gravitational field have been found, the solutions of which set the spatial distribution of gravitational radius of matter in its every new gravithermodynamic (GTD) state with the polynomial function with the next more high degree.
568 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
The general solution of the equations of the gravitational field of the galaxy with an additional variable parameter n is found. The additional variable parameter n determines in GR the distribution of the average mass density mainly in the friable galactic nucleus
1148 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко
The equivalence of only inert free energy of matter (and not of the total internal energy) to gravitational and inert masses is justified. It was proved that total energy of matter of inertially moving body is equal in all frames of references of spatial coordinates and time that are moving relatively to matter. And that is precisely why there is a conform Lorentz-invariance of thermodynamic potentials and parameters in examined modification of transformations of the special theory of relativity
1149 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

New publications:

Popular with readers:

News from other countries:

ELIBRARY.COM.UA - Digital Library of Ukraine

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.
Library Partners

NON-IDENTITY OF INERTIAL AND GRAVITATIONAL MASSES
 

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: UA LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

Digital Library of Ukraine ® All rights reserved.
2009-2024, ELIBRARY.COM.UA is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Keeping the heritage of Ukraine


LIBMONSTER NETWORK ONE WORLD - ONE LIBRARY

US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android