by Olga BAZANOVA, Science in Russia observer
In 2014 the Peterhof State Architectural Museum Complex founded in 1918 on the basis of the country seat of Emperor Nicholas II (today within St. Petersburg) prepared a large-scale mobile exhibition devoted to the centenary of the beginning of World War I of 1914-1918. The first display of the exhibition took place in Arkhangelsk which was the main Russian port for relations with the West European countries. Then it will move to Pskov and Petrozavodsk.
Arcades in Arkhangelsk.
Let us point out that the exhibition "World War I. Pe-terhof. The Tragedy Prelude" sponsored through the agency of the Russian Federation Ministry of Culture is placed in the halls of the Arcades (department of the Arkhangelsk Regional Museum of Local Lore, History and Economy), a unique monument of the national stone architecture of the second half of the 17th century. At that time, in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich, Arkhangelsk, situated not far from the confluence of the Northern Dvina River into the White Sea, received the lion's share of cargo coming by water from abroad to the country. The tsar believed that such major port needed an appropriate complex of buildings (for wholesale trade, storage of goods, accommodation of visiting merchants, etc.).
The place for a grandiose construction, at that time the largest of its kind in Russia, was chosen by the foreigners Peter Marsalis and Vilim Scharf invited for the project elaboration on the Pur-Navolok Cape on the Northern Dvina bank, where a wharf had been constructed from time immemorial and where Arkhangelsk had originated (it is where the first Slavonic settlements appeared in the 12th century)*. By the way, in 1984 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the city, a memorable sign of an unusual form was fixed up resembling a sea wave with a high crest for someone, and a bow of the Novgorodian boat moored to the unknown bank for others.
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