Attached Files

41 days ago

Permanent address of the file on Libmonster server:

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12734/3917

02.06.2024

RELATIVISTIC GRAVITHERMODYNAMICS AND STATISTICAL INTERPRETATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS // Kiev: Library of Ukraine (ELIBRARY.COM.UA). Updated: 02.06.2024 . URL: https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12734/3917 (date of access: 13.07.2024 )

No viruses! Tested by Libmonster.

© https://elibrary.com.ua

© https://elibrary.com.ua

38 days ago

Permanent address of the file on Libmonster server:

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12734/3919

05.06.2024

RELATIVISTIC GRAVITHERMODYNAMICS AND STATISTICAL INTERPRETATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS // Kiev: Library of Ukraine (ELIBRARY.COM.UA). Updated: 05.06.2024 . URL: https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/download/12734/3919 (date of access: 13.07.2024 )

No viruses! Tested by Libmonster.

© https://elibrary.com.ua

© https://elibrary.com.ua

Libmonster ID: UA-12734

Educational Institution \ Organization: Research and Production Enterprise "GeoSystem" →

**RELATIVISTIC GRAVITHERMODYNAMICS AND STATISTICAL INTERPRETATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS**

Danylchenko, Pavlo

*SSPE** **GeoSystem**,** **pavlodanylchenko@gmail.com*

Thermodynamical interpretation of General Relativity [1], consideration of the Universe as a single spiral-wave formation [2], and consideration of the so-called elementary particles and quarks as finite local flows of these spiral waves [3, 4] actually allowed the creation of a "theory of everything" [5], which would explain, in fact, everything in the world within the framework of a single model.

The presence of relativistic non-simultaneity (in cosmological time that is counted in the frame of references of spatial coordinates and time (FR) comoving with matter in expanding Universe (CFREU)) of events that are simultaneous in FR of people’s world leads to the fact that Schwarzschild sphere belongs only to infinitely far cosmological future and the pseudo-horizon of events (that covers entire infinite in CFREU fundamental space) belongs only to infinitely far cosmological past [1, 6, 7].

For exactly this reason the collapse of the matter under the Schwarzschild sphere is fundamentally impossible, and the hypothetical “black holes” (that “substitute” real extremely massive neutron stars that have a hollow body topology and mirror symmetry of their own space and contain antimatter inside their inner singular surface) are also fundamentally impossible. And the theory of Big Bang of the Universe (that is based on its origination from a point) is false. After all the spherical surface that corresponds to infinitely far past of cosmological time has not zero, but, quite the contrary, maximum possible value of photometric radius in FR of people’s world *r _{c}*≈

Although the simultaneous spontaneous inversion of wave fronts of all microobjects of matter (and thus mutual transformation of matter into antimatter and of antimatter into matter when the Universe expansion in FR of people’s world is changed to Universe self-contraction) is as it were fundamentally possible, the Universe self-contraction itself in FR of people’s world is impossible. After all, this could have led to replacing evolution with degradation of all macroobjects of the Universe and and eventually to the predominance of antihydrogen in it.

Relativistic invariance of thermodynamics [1, 6, 8] indicates the fundamental impossibility of slowing down of the rate of proper time of the matter that moves by inertia in surrounding gravitational field at any speed. So, the simple Lorentz transformations (and not the more general conform-Lorentz transformations) of the increments of spatial coordinates and time are not inherent in the motion of matter by inertia in the gravitational field. They are inherent only in the uniform motion of matter and, first of all, in the process of evolutionary self-contraction of its microobjects in CFREU. Exactly this indicates the falseness of the Etherington identity [1, 6, 9] and disproves both the acceleration of Universe expansion and the presence of dark energy in the Universe [1, 6, 10]. After all, the Hubble constant, as well as intrinsic value of velocity of light, is fundamentally invariable magnitude since it ensures the continuity of the spatial continuum in rigid FRs and, thus, also in FR of people´s world. And that is why it can gradually change only in non-rigid FRs.

The solutions of equations of GR gravitational field in FR of people’s world and in CFREU (taking into account evolutionary decreasing of the velocity of light in CFREU) also disprove the necessity of non-baryonic dark matter in the Universe [1, 6, 11, 12].

The discovered by Gibbs possibility in thermodynamics for gases to take with some probability the lots of microstates in one and the same macrostate is also inherent in any other matter. These microstates of matter change at the De Broglie frequency, and the values of instantaneous parameters and characteristics of the matter are being set by hidden parameters [1, 6, 13]. And so any interaction of microobjects of matter can lead to the change of its microstate without the change of its equilibrium macrostate. So, all microobjects of matter form the collective spatiotemporal microstates, the change of which can be unpredictable due to unpredictability of interactions of microobjects of matter. And, therefore, the classical laws of statistical physics operate in nature, ensuring the predictability of only average statistical values of the parameters and characteristics of the matter. And this is applicable even to the motion of matter, which occurs in the process of changing its collective spatiotemporal microstates with the De Broglie frequency. That is, the motion of matter is also a manifestation of a gradual change in its collective spatiotemporal microstates.

In addition, the solutions of the equations of the gravitational field for a gradually cooling down matter are described in GR and in relativistic gravithermodynamics [1, 14] only by polynomials and show that it can move from the previous to the next quasi-equilibrium state only quantumly. After all, with each step of cooling down, the maximum indexes of the polynomials (corresponding to the energy of the entire set of synchronously cooling macro-objects of matter) decrease by only one unit. So, the gravitational fields of relativistic gravithermodynamics, which is only an improvement of the GR, do not need to be quantized at all. In it, as in thermodynamics, the collective quasi-equilibrium states of all interacting macro-objects of matter are already quantized.

All this allows us to consider quantum physics and quantum mechanics as a specific branch of statistical physics. Taking into account the discovered by Weisskopf [1, 6, 15, 16] fictitiousness of photons and neutrinos, it will be quite possible to provide a clear statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics and thereby create a "theory of everything" [5]. After all, the final steps in this direction have already been taken [17 *–* 20]:

«As students, Jussi Lindgren and Jukka Liukkonen had found one element of their quantum mechanics lectures unsatisfying. "When we were taught physics, there were some fundamental elements you were told were true, and you had to accept they were true without it being shown why," said Jussi Lindgren, "and I didn't really like this". Working as a hobby alongside their jobs in the Finnish government, and Lindgren's Ph.D. work in systems analysis at Aalto, the researchers devised a new method for expressing the laws of quantum mechanics using stochastic methods, a type of mathematics that deals with random chance and probability. The paper, published 27 December 2019 in *Scientific Reports* explores how stochastic methods can be used to derive a variety of equations in quantum mechanics from first principles, as opposed to having to build from ad hoc prior postulates. "The method will be useful for teachers or learners because it gives a better understanding of the reason why something is correct," said Jukka Liukkonen» [21].

**List of references**

**1. ****Danylchenko****, ****P****.**:** **2022, *Foundations of Relativistic Gravithermodynamics.* Vinnytsia: TVORY; 4rd online edition, Vinnytsia, https://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/Foundations_RGTD_Engl4.pdf; https://elibrary.com.ua/pavlovin, https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/view/FOUNDATIONS-OF-RELATIVISTIC-GRAVITHERMODYNAMICS-4rd-edition; https://chtyvo.org.ua/authors/Danylchenko_Pavlo/.

**2. ****Danylchenko, P****.**:** **2014, Spiralwave model of the Universe. *Materials of all-Ukrainian seminar on theoretical and mathematical physics: in honour of 85th anniversary of Anatoli Swidzynski*, Lutsk Feb. 27 – Mar. 1, 2014: 21-26. https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11183/3410, http://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/spiralwaveuniverse.html (in Russian).

**3.**** ****Danylchenko, P****.**:** **2004, The spiral-wave nature of elementary particles. *Proceedings* *of International scientific conference “D.D. Ivanenko – outstanding physicist-theorist, pedagogue”,* Poltava Ukraine: ed. Rudenko O.P., 44-55. (in Russian) http://www.sciteclibrary.ru/rus/catalog/pages/8276.html.

**4.**** ****Danylchenko, P****.**:** **2004, About possibilities of physical unrealizability of cosmological and gravitational singularities in General relativity. Gauge-evolutional interpretation of special and general relativities. Vinnytsia: Nova knyga, 2008: 45-95. http://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/Possibilities_Eng.html, https://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/Possibilities_Eng.pdf; https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11203/3411. https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/view/About-possibilities-of-physical-unrealizability-of-cosmological-and-gravitational-singularities-in-General-relativity.

**5. ****Pultarova****, ****T****.:**** **2022, The Theory of Everything: Searching for the universal rules of physics, https://www.space.com/theory-of-everything-definition.html.

**6. ****Danylchenko, P****.****: **2020, Theoretical misconceptions and imaginary entities in astronomy, cosmology and physics. *Foundations and consequences of Relativistic Gravithermodynamics. *Vinnytsia: Nova knyga*, *85-128. http://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/FoundationRGTDUkr.pdf, https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11192/3626. 2022; 4rd online edition, Vinnytsia, https://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/TheoreticalMisconceptions.pdf; https://elibrary.com.ua/pavlovin; https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles/view/Theoretical-misconceptions-and-imaginary-entities-in-astronomy-cosmology-and-physics-4rd-online-edition; https://chtyvo.org.ua/authors/Danylchenko_Pavlo/.

**7.** **Danylchenko, P****.**: 2009, Global gravitational-optical gradient lens in expanding Universe. *Program and abstracts of the IV Gamov international conference in Odessa, *17-23.08.2009, 20/1. http://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/GravitationalLense_Eng.htm; https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11185/3413.

**8.**** ****Danylchenko, P****.**: 2021, The condition of invariance of thermodynamic potentials and parameters with regard to the relativistic transformations.* Proceed. **Fourth** Int. Conference APFS’2021*. Lutsk: Volyn Univer. Press “Vezha”, 37-40, https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11905/3767.

**9.**** ****Danylchenko, P****.**: 2021, ETHERINGTON'S PARALOGISM. *Proceed. **Fourth** Int. Conference “Actual Problems of Fundamental science” – APFS’2021*. (June 01 – 05, 2021, Lutsk, Ukraine). Lutsk: Volyn University Press “Vezha”, 26-28, https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11893/3765.

**10. ****Danylchenko, P****.**: 2021, The evidence of absence of the accelerating expansion of the Universe. *Proceed. **Fourth** Int. Conference “Actual Problems of Fundamental science” – APFS’2021*. Lutsk: Volyn University Press “Vezha”, 29-32, https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11906/3768.

**11. ****Danylchenko, P****.**: 2021, Solution of equations of the galaxy gravitational field. *Proceed. **Fourth** Int. Conference APFS’2021*. Lutsk: Volyn University Press “Vezha”, 33-36.

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/11907/3769.

**12. ****Gupta****,**** R****.****P.**: 2024, Testing CCC+TL Cosmology with Observed Baryon Acoustic Oscillation Features, https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-4357/ad1bc6.

**13.**** ****Danylchenko, P****.**: 2022, The instantaneous values of main thermodynamic parameters and potentials that are characteristic to Gibbs thermodynamic microstates. *Proceed. **XI** Int. Conference **RNAOPM-2022. *Lutsk: Volyn Univer. Press “Vezha”, 101-107, http://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/danylchenko-thermodynamic-poster0.pdf,

https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/12561/3872.

**14.**** ****Danylchenko, P****.**: 2022, The solutions of equations of gravitational field for quantum quasi-equilibrium cooling down gases. *Proceed. **XI** Int. Conference **RNAOPM-2022. *Lutsk: Volyn Univer. Press “Vezha”, 98-100, http://pavlo-danylchenko.narod.ru/docs/danylchenko-quantum-poster0.pdf, https://elibrary.com.ua/m/articles//download/12560/3870.** **

**15.**** ****Weisskopf, V****.**: 1964, The place of elementary particle research in the development of modern physics. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences Vol. 278, No. 1374, A Discussion on Recent European Contributions to the Development of the Physics of Elementary Particles (Apr. 7), 1964: 290-302. http://cds.cern.ch/record/277434/files/p1.pdf?version=1.

**16.**** Weisskopf, V****.**: 1965, Quantum theory and elementary particles. *Invited talk delivered at the Washington Meeting of the American Physical Society*, 23 April, 1965. https://cds.cern.ch/record/276339/files/p1.pdf.

**17.** **Lindgren, I.**: 2009, Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. A view of our universe.

**18.**** ****Rizzi, A.**: 2018, Does the PBR Theorem Rule out a Statistical Understanding of QM?

**19. Lindgren, J., Liukkonen, J.**: 2019, Quantum Mechanics can be understood through stochastic optimization on spacetimes, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338189700_Quantum_Mechanics_can_be_understood_through_stochastic_optimization_on_spacetimes/link/5fb66c75a6fdcc6cc64a38ae/download.

**20. Lindgren, J., Liukkonen, J.**: 2020, The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle as an Endogenous Equilibrium Property of Stochastic Optimal Control Systems in Quantum Mechanics, https://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/12/9/1533.

**21. ****Aalto University**: Rewriting quantum mechanics in their spare time, https://phys.org/news/2019-12-rewriting-quantum-mechanics.html.

© elibrary.com.ua

Author's official page at Libmonster: https://elibrary.com.ua/pavlovin

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World) • Google • Yandex

Publisher

Rating

Related Articles

The majority of theoretical misconceptions and the most significant misunderstandings in modern astronomy, cosmology and physics are caused by a purely mathematical approach and ignoring philosophical comprehension of physical reality and, as a result, by not deep enough understanding of the essence of certain physical phenomena and objects.

36 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

The majority of theoretical misconceptions and the most significant misunderstandings in modern astronomy, cosmology and physics are caused by a purely mathematical approach and ignoring philosophical comprehension of physical reality and, as a result, by not deep enough understanding of the essence of certain physical phenomena and objects.

70 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

The general solution of the equations of the gravitational field of the galaxy with an additional variable parameter n is found. The additional variable parameter n determines in GR the distribution of the average mass density mainly in the friable galactic nucleus

1143 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

It is shown that, according to the General Relativity, only the transverse metric distances – the transverse comoving distance and the angular diameter distance similar to it – can obey the Hubble linear dependence. The transverse comoving distance belongs to the comoving reference of spatial coordinates and time in the expanding Universe and is determined by the redshift of the emission wavelength.

1143 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

It was shown that Etherington’s identity is paralogism. Etherington’s identity is based on the imaginary relativistic dilation of intrinsic time of the galaxy by (1+z) times, but the presence of a relativistic anisotropy of luminosity of stars quickly moving away from it is ignored in the frame of reference of spatial coordinates and time of the observer.

1146 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

The general solution of the equations of the gravitational field of the galaxy with an additional variable parameter n is found. The additional variable parameter n determines in GR the distribution of the average mass density mainly in the friable galactic nucleus. The velocity of the orbital motion of stars is close to Kepler only for n>225.

1193 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

It is shown that, according to General Relativity (GR), only the transverse metric distances – the transverse comoving distance and the angular diameter distance similar to it – can obey the Hubble linear dependence.

1193 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

The majority of theoretical misconceptions and the most significant misunderstandings in modern astronomy, cosmology and physics are caused by a purely mathematical approach and ignoring philosophical comprehension of physical reality and, as a result, by not deep enough understanding of the essence of certain physical phenomena and objects. Foremost, it's all about phenomena and objects that are under consideration by Special and General Relativity.

1199 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

Anisotropy of the luminous intensity of distant astronomical objects of expanding Universe in intrinsic space of the observer is shown. The relativistic distance-luminosity relation, by which radial coordinate of astronomical object is being determined taking into account Hubble anisotropy of its luminous intensity, is received. As it follows from this relation, values of radial coordinates of distant astronomical objects in intrinsic space of the observer are much smaller than values of their coordinates, calculated by classical distance-luminosity relation. This makes the presence of such hypothetical components of the Universe as dark matter and dark energy unnecessary in principle

1953 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

The possibility to avoid physical realizability of cosmological singularity (singularity of Big Bang of the Universe) directly in the orthodoxal general theory of relativity (GR) is substantiated. This can take place in the case of counting of cosmological time in frame of reference of coordinates and time (FR) not co-moving with matter, in which by the Weyl hypothesis galaxies of the expanding Universe are motionless. The absence of any limitations of the value of mass of astronomical body, which self-contracts in Weyl FR, when it has hollow topological form in the space of Weyl FR and mirror symmetry of its intrinsic space, is shown. Because of this symmetry, both external and internal boundary surfaces of body are observed as convex. At that, in the "turned inside out" internal part of the intrinsic space (in the Fuller-Wheeler lost antiworld) unlike external part, instead of the phenomenon of expansion phenomenon of contraction of "internal universe" is observed.

1966 days ago · From Павло Даныльченко

## New publications: |
## Popular with readers: |
## News from other countries: |

Library Partners

© 2024 Ukrainian Library

Editorial Contacts | |

About · News · For Advertisers |

Digital Library of Ukraine ® All rights reserved.
2009-2024, ELIBRARY.COM.UA is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map) Keeping the heritage of Ukraine |

US-Great Britain
Sweden
Serbia

Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Download app for Android

Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies.
Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks).
You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage.
Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android